Where smart people go, robust economic(Growth) tend to follow, so we want to keep talent here.
Brain drain is significant emigration of educated or talented individuals. A brain drain can result from turmoil within a nation, from there being better professional opportunities in other countries or from people seeking a better standard of living. Brain drains cause countries to lose valuable professionals. The term is usually used to describe the departure of doctors, scientists, engineers or financial professionals. When these people leave, their country is harmed in two ways. First, expertise is lost with each emigrant, retreating the supply of that profession. Second, the country’s economy is harmed as each professional represents surplus spending units. Professionals often earn large salaries, so their departure removes significant consumer spending from country.
Brain drain can be described as the process in which a country loses its most educated and talented workers to other countries through migration. This trend is considered a severe problem in Pakistan because the most highly skilled and competent individuals leave this country, and contribute their expertise to the economy of other countries like UK, USA , GERMANY, AUTALIA. According to Pakistan Overseas Employment corporation close to 36000 professional have migrated to other countries. This number in recent year has increased to 45000. 85,000 students have moved from Pakistan for their studies (OECD). This makes Pakistan 4th most effected country by Brain Drain.
Reasons of Brain Drain in Pakistan:
- The political instability let the people leave the motherland for a better future with some prediction. There is a dreadful need to assure the man power to remain present in Pakistan. A diplomatic solution should be given a priority to resolve conflicts rather than going to let the people do what they want.
- Science and technology is an area that is not fully exploited by the Pakistan resources. A less budget for education is the reason in leaking the higher studies which could present the brain drain.
- Employment discrimination(Discrimination in promotion and appointment) is a biggest cause of brain drain in Pakistan. skilled and talented people are unable to get job and not able to reach the managerial post only because of favoritism and nepotism.
- Due to the bad security system, people leave this country. Government is not providing the proper security to the people. people cannot move easily, no security for life. this thing force them to go to abroad.
- due to the lack of excellent research centers and professional researcher, our graduate move to other country.
How to stop Brain Drain:
- The basic ingredient is creation of opportunities. Talent will naturally flow to Pakistan if it creates an environment for economic growth that makes life easy for enterprise, that attracts and facilitates investment and that nurtures a culture of achievement. Skilled people are drawn to places which offer challenge and possibility.
- Pakistan must ensure quality of life to people. The reverse brain drain could only be made possible if the government ensures that there is a sense of peace and tranquility in the country and good governance everywhere. For Pakistan, reversing brain drain would mean turning a vicious cycle in to a virtuous one. It will lead to overall development because if great minds come to Pakistan today, things will start happening tomorrow.
- On the academic front, the government should take measures to improve the research climate. This could be achieved by offering more doctorate programs. Improving the quality of education, research, conference opportunities and travel opportunities may encourage the doctorate students to stay in Pakistan.
our leader deliver lengthy speeches that are really meaningless in the sense of motivation they just talk about infrastructure, but no positive and worthy steps are taken. Our Government never asked from the professional to come back and serve the country. they do not realize them a part of this country.
Misbah Hayat Bhatti (MS Scholar)
Muhammad Hasnat Bhatti